Vocabulary
  1. Deism- The belief, based soley on reason, in wich God who created the univers and then abandoned it, assuming no control over life, exerting no force or impact on human activities.
  2. rationalism- The theory that the exercise of reason, rather than experience, authority, or spiritual revelation, provided the primary basis for knowledge.external image johnlocke.png
  3. John Locke- During the colonial time, he was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts
  4. Enlightment- Wide spread of knowledge and ideas across the America during the 1760s. In part, it involved the exporting of scientific, social, and political ideas from Britain, but also involved the exporting of radical and marginal ideas, such as the republicanism of the "commonwealthmen."
  5. Edward Braddock- British soldier and commander-in-chief for North America during the French and Indian War. Remembered for the disastrous expedition against the French-occupied Ohio Country in 1755, in which he lost his life
    external image Braddock.gif
  6. Salutary neglect- British policy of letting the colonist rule themselves.
  7. Parliament- British government
  8. Peace of Paris- Aslo known as the Treaty of Paris. Was signed on February 10,1763 by Britain, Spain, and France, in agreement with Portugal. It ended the Seven Years' War. Marked the begining of extensive British dominance outside Europe.
  9. Albany Plan- Developed by Benjamin Franklin, the plan provided for an intercolonial government and a system for recruiting troops and collecting taxes from the various colonies for their common defence.external image stampactstamp.gif
  10. George III- King of England during the Colonial Era
  11. Pontiac's Rebellion- Was a war launced by a loose confederation of elements of Native tribes who were displeased with British policy
  12. Proclamation of 1763- Prohibited colonists from setteling west of the Appalachian Mountains. Colonist reacted to this with anger and defiance.
  13. Sugar Act- Known as the Revenue Act of 1764, this act placed duties on foreign sugar and luxuries. Its chief purpose was to raise money for the crown.
  14. Quartering Act- This act required the colonists to provide food and housing for British soldiers stationed in the colonies.
  15. Stamp Act- Pased by Lord Grenville in an effort to raise money for the British military. The act required that revenue stamps be placed ion most printed paper in the colonies, including all legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, and advertisments. This was the first direct tax collected from those who used the goods.
  16. Patrick Henry- a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799)
  17. Stamp Act Congress- Was a meeting on October 19,1765 consistng of delegates from 9 out of the 13 colonies that discussed the Stamp Act.
  18. Sons and Daughters of Liberty- A political group made up of American patriots. They were designed to incite change in the British Government's treatment of the colonies.
  19. Boston Tea Party- Colonists refused to purchase British tea and recognize Parliament. When the East India Company's tea arrived int Boston harbor a group of Bostonians disguised themselves as Indians, boarded the British ships, and dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor.
    external image 0711-btp.jpg
  20. Declaratory Act- After the repeal of the Stamp Act, Parliament passed this act which asserted that Parliament had the right to tax and make laws for the colonies " in all cases whatsoever."
  21. Townshed Act- Required that the revenues raised from imported teas, glass, and paper be used to pay crown officials on the colonies. The act also provided for a seach of private homes for smuggled goods.
  22. Writs of Assistance- General licence that allowed officials to seach anywhere instead of a judge's warranted permission to seach on a specific place.
  23. Sam Adams & James Otis- Jointly wrote the Massachusetts Circlar Letter in 1768 and sent it to every colonial legislature. It urges the colonists to petition Parliament to repeal the Townshed Act. In reponse to this letter, British officials had it removed while colonists began conducting boycotts against british goods.
  24. Boston Massacre- March 1770, on a snowy day, a crowd of colonists harassed some guards near the customs house. The guards fired innto the crowd, killing five people, including Crispus Attucks. At the trial for the murder the guards were defended by colonial layer John Adams and was aquainted. This event was later used to inflame anti-British feelings.
    external image massacre2.jpg
  25. Intolerable Acts- Included the Coercive Acts & Quebec Act in 1774. The Coercive Acts included: The Port act that cloded boston ports, prohibiting trade in and out; The Massachusetts Government Act that reduced the power of the Massachusets legislature; The Administration of Justice Act that allowed the royal officials accused of crimes to be tried in England; and a fourth act that expanded the Quartering Act to enabled British troops to be quartered in private homes. The Quebec Act organized the Canadian lands gained from France.
  26. French and Indian War- Also known as the Seven Years' War, (1756-1763) fought between Britain and France for supremacy in North America.
external image French-Indian-War.jpg


Documents with 3 APARTS



Title: Resolutions of the Stamp Act Congressexternal image Mayflower%20Compact.jpg
Author: Stamp Act Congress (delegates from the thirteen colonies)
Place and Time: New York, 1765
Prior Knowledge:
Some knowledge that would help the audience better understand this document can be found during the time period of 1754-1774. It would help the reader if the knew about the laws that the british mother country was enforcing on the colonist. This would make it clear to the reader why this document came into existence.
Audience:
The audience that this document is trying to reach would be the colonist that reside in the thirteen colonies in addition to the governing body of Great Britian. They want to draw support from the colonist and would like to have Britian realize the problem that it is causing the colonist.
Reason:
The reason for the existence of this document resided in the displeasment of the colonist with its mother country. Everyone was unhappy about the british enforcement of the Stamp act and so joined together to discuss a way to fix the problem. This document is the written resolutions that came out of that discussion. They hoped that eby showing the crown that they all were unhappy, they would get their desired result.



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Title: Common Sense
Author: Thomas Paine
Place and Time: January of 1776. It went through several editions in Philadelphia, and was republished in all parts of United America
Prior Knowledge:
Some knowledge that would help the reader better understand this document can be found anywhere in history leading to the American revolution.The best knwledge that the reader should possess would be that pertaining to the relationship between Britain and the colonist. Mainly focusing on how the crown gained while the colonist suffered.
Audience:
The audience that Thomas Paine is trying to contact are that of virtually all the colonists. He preached a seperation from Britain. He wanted all the colonist to support his assertions. His eventually created the revolution sentiments that drove the colonist to war.
Reason:
Paine's political pamphlet brought the rising revolutionary sentiment into sharp focus by placing blame for the suffering of the colonies directly on the reigning British monarch, George III. First and foremost, Common Sense advocated an immediate declaration of independence, postulating a special moral obligation of America to the rest of the world. Not long after publication, the spirit of Paine's argument found resonance in the American Declaration of Independence. Written at the outset of the Revolution, Common Sense became the leaven for the ferment of the times. It stirred the colonists to strengthen their resolve, resulting in the first successful anticolonial action in modern history.







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Title: A Summary View of the Rights of British America
Author: Thomas Jefferson
Place & Time: Colonial America, 1774
Prior Knowledge:
The prior knowledge that would help with understand the document better would be one that deals with all the laws enforced upon the colonist during the time prior to the American Revolution. This would provide sufficent evidence to help explain why Thomas Jefferson wrote this document.
Audience:
The audience that this piece is trying to reach is the parliament of Great Britain and King George III himself.
Reason:
The reason this document was written was because of the unfair treatment that the crown was presenting to the colonist. The colonist were bombarded with outrageous amounts of bills that were in the end doing nothing, but make their lives harder. Thomas Jefferson and others believed that the crown was abusing its power and going over the line with its enforcement of many acts. The hoped that this document would open the British eyes and remind them that even as colonist they had rights that shouldn't be tampered with by the government and that they were being treated unfairly.








Sources:
United stated History- Preparing for the Advanced Placement Exam (AMSCO)
http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/
http://www.scarborough.k12.me.us/wis/teachers/dtewhey/webquest/colonial/13_original_colonies.htm
http://www.constitution.org/civ/comsense.htm
http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/prerevolution/section2.rhtml