1.Native Americans:
Members of the peoples living in North or South America before the Europeans arrived.

2.Royal Colony: A colony ruled or administered by officials appointed by and responsible to the reigning sovereign of the parent state.

3. Ferdinand and Isabella : Catholics monarchs of Spain who financed Christopher Columbus' journey to the New World .

4. Protestant Reformation: A religious movement of the 1500's that was an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church.

5. Henry the Navigator :external image Nathaniel%20Bacon.jpg Portuguese prince that financed explorations that lead to the rounding of Africa.

6. Bacon's Rebellion: Uprising in 1676 by Virginia planter Nathaniel Bacon against the will of governor William Berkeley in which Bacon and his followers attacked Native Americans and Jamestown. It revealed the potential for instability in the colony's free, landless men.

7.Christopher Columbus : Navigator financed by the Spanish empire that discovered the New World while trying to explore routes that led to the Indies
8. New World: North and South America, discovered by Christopher Columbus.

9. Amerigo Vespucci: Italian navigator whom America is named after.

10. Hernan Cortes: Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztecs.

11. Conquistadors : Spanish adventurers who brought much of the Americas under the control of Spain in the 16th century.

12. Encomienda System:A system under which the Spanish government gave the colonists the right to force the Native Americans into labor.

13.Aztecs: Native American civilization I in Mexico whose empire was conquered by the Spaniards in the 16th century.

14. Pilgrims: The early settlers of the Plymouth Colony.

15. Mayflower Compact: An agreement made by the voyagers on the Mayflower that they would form a government where majority ruled.

16.Virginia House of Burgesses: Elected lower house in Virginia Assembly.

17. Mercantalism : Economic theory in Europe from the 16th to the 18th centuries that called for government regulation of a nation's economy in order to increase its power

18. Triangular Trade:
external image triangle_trade2.png

19. Slave Trade:The trading of Africans to the New World that occurred in and around the Atlantic Ocean from the 16th to the 19th centuries


external image vc009401.jpgTITLE: Epistola de Insilus Nuper Inventis

AUTHOR: Written by Christopher Columbus and printed in Latin by Stephan Plannck

PLACE AND TIME: Written in 1493 by Columbus on his return from the America's

PRIOR KNOWLEDGE: To understand it one should study the writings of early explorers on their opinions of Native Americans . One should read a history of the America's before European arrival.

AUDIENCE: Intended for important European leaders

REASON: To provide a description of the Native Americans and the places in America

"Because my undertakings have attained success, I know that it will be pleasing to you: these I have determined to relate, so that you may be made acquainted with everything done and discovered in this our voyage ."

SIGNIFICANCE: It was the first attempt to provide a description of the New World; the letter led to the spread of the news of the New World.

external image hs049001.jpgTitle:La Historia antigua de la Nueva España

Author:Diego Duran

Place and Time: Written in 1585 describing the history of Spanish involvement in Mexico

Prior Knowledge: To understand it one should study the history of Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire

Audience:Intended for people who were interested in the Aztec empire

Reason: To provide a description of the Aztec's as an advance civilization instead of savages.

Main Idea: "In order to provide a truthful and reliable account of the origin of these Indian nations, an origin so doubtful and obscure, we would need some divine revelation or assistance to reveal this origin to us and help us understand it."

Significance: It allowed future historians to learn about the Aztec civilization.

external image hs054001.jpgTitle: Map of America

Author:Martin Waldseemuller

Place and Time: Originally published in April 1507 in modern day France

Prior Knowledge: To understand this map better one should look at older maps which do not include America.

Audience: Intended for European explorers

Reason: To provide a world map which contains the Western Hemisphere

Main Idea: Maps that did not include the Western Hemisphere were inadequate

Significance: It was the first map that included the entire Western Hemisphere.