World War I Key Terms and AP Parts

  1. Neutrality - the policy or status of a nation that does not participate in a war between other nations
  2. Submarine Warfare - a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink merchant ships without warning
  3. Lusitania - a British luxury liner sunk by a German submarine in the North Atlantic on May 7, 1915: one of the events leading to U.S. entry into World War I
  4. Sussex Pledge - Passenger ships would not be targeted; Merchant ships would not be sunk until the presence of weapons had been established, if necessary by a search of the ship; Merchant ships would not be sunk without provision for the safety of passengers and crew
  5. Allied Powers – United Kingdom, France, Russia, Belgium, Serbia, Italy, Japan, Greece, Romania, and Portugal
  6. Central Powers - Germany and Austria-Hungary, often with their allies Turkey and Bulgaria, as opposed to the Allies external image WWI2.jpg
  7. Propaganda - the particular doctrines or principles propagated by an organization or movement
  8. Jeannette Rankin - U.S. women's-rights leader and pacifist: first woman elected to Congress; served 1917–19
  9. Edward House – Wilsons’ foreign policy advisor
  10. Zimmerman Telegram - This telegram, written by German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann, is a coded message sent to Mexico, proposing a military alliance against the United States
  11. Russian Revolution - overthrow of this provisional government by a coup d'état on November 7, 1917, establishing the Soviet government
  12. Mobilization - to organize or adapt (industries, transportation facilities, etc.) for service to the government in time of war
  13. George Creel - headed the U.S. propaganda effort during World War One
  14. Espionage Act (1917) - prohibited any attempt to interfere with military operations, support America's enemies during wartime, to promote insubordination in the military, or interfere with military recruitment
  15. Sedition Act (1918) - forbade the use of "disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language" about the external image PBLCSENT.JPGUnited States government, its flag, or its armed forces or that caused others to view the American government or its institutions with contempt
16. Schenck v. US - defendant did not have a First Amendment right to free speech against the draft during World War I
17. Selective Service Act - authorized the federal government to raise a national army (draft)
18. Bolsheviks – revolutionary working class in Russia
19. American Expeditionary Force - United States Armed Forces sent to Europe in World War I
20. Fourteen Points - address given by Wilson that was intended to assure the country that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe
21. Treaty of Versailles – officially ended the war between Germany and the Allies
22. Big Four - Woodrow Wilson of the United States, David Lloyd George of Britain, Vittorio Orlando
of Italy, and Georges Clemenceau of France
23. League of Nations – precursor to United Nation; founded to ensure end to wars; US did not join
24. Red Scare – began after Bolshevik revolution; belief of Communism arising in US
25. Palmer raids – attempts to arrest and deport radicals, from the United States

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Document 1: The Zimmerman Telegram
Author: German Government
Place and Time: Germany to Mexico during January 1917
Prior Knowledge: Already, I know that the Zimmerman Telegram was a message sent from Germany to Mexico. The Americans deciphered the message and, apparently, the Germans asked Mexico to go to war with America in order to distract them. In return, the Mexico would gain back all territory lost in the Spanish-American War.
Audience: The Mexican Government
Reason: To cause Mexico to go to war with the United States.
The Main Idea: Germany tried to rally support to defeat the Allies.
Significance: It later influenced the United States' decision to enter World War I.

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Document 2: All Quiet on the Western Front
Author: Erich Maria Remarque
Place and Time: Published 1928; based in Germany 1914
Prior Knowledge: Already, I know that Germany was part of the Central Powers who planned to conquer Europe. They were on the opposing side of the United States. So, the main character is probably a German soldier.
Reason: To describe the physical and mental stress soldiers had to endure while on the war front.
The Main Idea: War is a tiring, bothersome time.
Significance: It raised awareness of what the first World War did to the veterans. Also, it was later banned and burnt in Nazi Germany during the second World War.
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Document 3: Memoir of Count Franz von Harrach

Author: Count Franz von Harrach
Place and Time: Vienna, Austria, June 1914
Prior Knowledge: Already, I know that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand began the first World War. Also, it is still not clear as to whom had shot him.
Reason: To recount what happened on 28 June 1914, the day Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated.
The Main Idea: It came as a surprise to the whole world as if someone had snuck up behind them.
Significance: It began the first World War.

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