Key Terms

People
-Nat Turner
Nat Turner was a slave preacher who led a band of African Americans on a summer night armed with axes, and guns, to kill 60 white men, women, and children. Nat Turner was the only person to be able to lead a large-scale slave rebellion.

-Gabriel Prosser
Gabriel Prosser was also a leader who gathered slaves to lead a rebellion, but was unable to complete the revolt, and was executed for leading the conspiracy.

a99d7fbc927724d7e85c5ef0e83d2429.jpg









-The "Sambo"
The "Sambo" was a stereotype given to the slaves from the white societies. The Sambo were shuffling, grinning, head-scratching, deferential slave who acted out the role that he recognized the white world expected thim to be. This "Sambo" pattern of behavior was a charade, and a facade assumed in the presence of whites.20080910harriettubman.jpg

-Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman was first born into slavery in Maryland. When her mastered had died, she left for Philadelphia, to avoid being sold out of state. Over the next then years, after she had escaped, Harriet had helped 300 other slaves escape to freedom, and also became a spy for the union army during the Civil War.





-John Randolph
Randolph was noted for the incredible amount of slaves he had released after his death. There were are total of 400 slaves that were freed in 1833.




PlacesSouthern States-Florida, Georgia, The Carolinas
These states that normally weren't able to grow cotton were now eligible due to the finding of the short-staple cotton. This area was soon called the "Deep South", or the "Cotton Kingdom" where the production of cotton was dominating the rest of the United States, and other foreign nations.
usmap.JPG



Events-Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion
In 1800, Gabriel Prosser had gathered 1000 rebellious slaves outside Richmond; however, two fellow African Americans had given away the plans to this rebellion. After the infomation had been leacked, Prosser was executed along with 35 other African Americans. Soon after Prosser's Rebellion, Denmark Vesey had followed Prosser's example, but was also executed after somebody had given him away too.

-Nat Turner's Rebellion
Nat Turner was able to gather a band of African Americans, all armed with axes, or firearms, and traveled from house to house in Southampton County, Virginia, killin sixty white males, females, and children. This was the only uprising that was of a large-scale, that had renewed slave conspiracies, and violence. Therefore, due to this rebellion, government laws became more rigid. A closer supervision by whites on African Americans were also noticeable.
jb_colonial_stono_2_e.jpg


Other Terms
-Task System
This task was used to increase the production speed of agriculture by slaves. In this system, slaves were assigned a particular job/task, and were free for the rest of the day whenever the jobs were completed. This would be less tiring to the slaves, and would also guarantee that the specific jobs would be finished efficiently and quickly.

-Gang System
The more common method to speed up production was the gang method. Slaves were separated into groups, and were led by and overseer, who forced many ours of work, until the overseer deemed the day was a reasonable workday.

-Pidgin
The African slaves that have arrived within America had problems with communications, since there were many different dialects within the African religion. Therefore, the Africans had developed their own language, known as pidgin, that retained some African words. This common language was adopted by most slaves and grew very complicated.

-Short Staple Cotton
This cotton was a hardier and coarser strain of cotton that could grow successfully in a variety of climates and in many different soils. However, this cotton had more seeds and was more difficult to remove the seeds within the soil. Therfore, more cotton could be grown, but the increase of the number of slaves to work with these harsh plant was imminent. This short stapled arose from the rise of the cotton king .
pr9.jpg


Planter Aristocracy
The cotton magnates, the sugar, rice, tobacco nabobs, and whites who owned at least 40-50 slaves made up the planter aristocracy class. They had influence far greater than their numbers, with their huge amounts of money. They liked to view themselves as the old upper classes of England and Europe. To maintain their image of aristocracy, these aristocrats avoided "coarse" jobs such as trade and commerce. Also, those not suited to farm in the aristocratic level drifted towards the military;comparison from the knights of Europe to military power.

-Slave Religion
Black slaves were not supposed to have developed their own religions, and were normally supposed to follow the Protestant beliefs of their white masters, nevertheless, the blacks had developed their own unique style of religion. Black religion was more joyous, and had fervent, emotional prayers. The black Christians often sang of the Lord "calling them into the House of the Lord." White overseers saw these songs and prayers as expressions of hope after death, the black Christians actually used these prayers to vent out their hopes of becoming free from slavery.

-De Bow's Review
This magazine was published by B. D. De Bow in 1846. He had advocated the southern growth in manufacturing and agriculture. The review had also created proof that the South was dependent to the North for economic support.

Documents

In this chapter, there were not many noticeable documents that were outlined. However, following this link, http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/slavery/oldsouth.html,www.library.illinois.edu/blog/digitizedbotw/, there were some documents that explained the situation of the slavery. There were many unfair bias against African American slaves, and increased more conflicts within the class systems.


One of the more interesting documents that outlines the era of the slavery in Chapter 11, is represented by this document. There was no toleration of freedom for the slaves and was strictly enforced. Also, these runaway slaves had no way of protection, after they have run away. This greatly reflects the current state of the seriousness of slavery within these societies.

The Underground Rail Road:
-The author is William Still was an abolitionist and a writer.
-Document was created in the year 1872.
-Information that would be helpful in the document below would be documents only based on the Underground Rail Road and the slaves that went through the voyage to freedom.
-The Undergroud Rail Road. A Record was to be read by many slaves and people who were interest in the freedom of black people.
- The document was created

external image URblogphoto1.jpg

$20 Reward:
-James R. Wood created the document. He wanted to find the slave that escaped from him.
-The document was created on February 5, 1844.The document does not affect the meaning of the document.
-The information that is help to know when approaching the document is that many slaves did escape and some tried and their owners did as much as they could to find where they had run off to.
-The audience that the document was created for was all the people in the town during the time the slave had escaped.
-The document was created to find the slave, Martin, who had ran away from his owner, James R. Wood, and to notofy the town or area of his escape and that there would be a reward if he was found and turned in.
-The main idea of the document was to find a slave.
-The document is important because many slaves at the time were fighting for freedom and had no choice but to escape and the owners did anything they did to get them back if they did. Why? Well, because many need them for help on the farm or doing house holds.

as.gif