Introduction
Fire Side Poets / Longfellow / Lowell / Holmes
The Fire Side Poets were a group of poets from New England in the 19th-century, who favored conventional poetry over experimental. The Fire Side Poets rivaled the poets of England in popularity. Wikipedia says that "The Fireside Poets' general adherence to poetic convention---standard forms, regular meter, and rhymed stanzas---made their body of work particularly suitable for memorization and recitation in school and also at home, where it was a source of entertainment for families gathered around the fire." Their writings focused mainly on domestic life, mythology, and politics of America.
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Oliver Holmes (1809-1894)
Notable works: Poems The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table (1858) Numerous medical essays
Holmes began his career studying Harvard law, however this was quick to change, and he switched to studying medicine. He became and physician and professor at Harvard there after. There were many works that Holmes would express on travel, epidemiology, psychology, and literature, including numerous humorous and critical short stories. 1843 Holmes published his studies on the "puerperal fever", along with that he concluded that the disease could travel from person to person. This led to medical advancements in which required students to wash their hands and disinfect tools which made the infections disappear. He was also a friends of Lowell, and with him were founding editors of the journal Atlantic Monthly in 1857, in which many of his works were published.

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James Lowell (1819-1891)
Notable works : A Fable For Critics, The Biglow Papers, Poems in
Southern Literary Messenger
After gaining a law degree from Harvard Law school, Lowell started to publish his collection of poems. Soon after he got married to Maria White they joined the abolition movement by writing anti-slavery poems. His writing style was a lot like the writing styles of William Shakespeare and John Milton which gave him much criticism. Though he tried to name him self the first poet to express new American style. Lowell's satires and use of dialect were an inspiration for writers like Mark Twain, William Dean Howells, H. L. Mencken, and Ring Lardner.


Henry Longfellow (1807-1882)
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Notable works: "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and "Evangeline:A Tale of Acadie ".
Born in Portland Maine, Longfellow was an educator and poet. His work drew on historical events and materials to form myths and classical epics. Longfellow's work not only influenced language, it also had a big impact on popular culture, and inspired artists and composers. Some of his quotes have even entered the English language without recognition that they were derived from his poetry. Being one of the most famous characters of the 19th century, his poetry was read in school rooms and parlors, and was known for being instantly recognizable. Companies even used his image by naming products after him to enhance appeal and attract more buyers.

Pictures
Oliver Holmes, James Lowell, and Henry Longfellow
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More info on Holmes and medical advancement
http://herndonapush.wikispaces.com/medicine+-+phrenology+-+contagion+1820-1860

Edger Allan Poe had connections with the Fire side poets, more info on Poe below

http://herndonapush.wikispaces.com/Romanticism++Hawthorne++Melville++Poe

Wikipedia - "Contemporary writer Edgar Allan Poe wrote to Longfellow in May 1841 of his "fervent admiration which [your] genius has inspired in me" and later called him "unquestionably the best poet in America".[115] However, after Poe's reputation as a critic increased, he publicly accused Longfellow of plagiarism in what has been since termed by Poe biographers as "The Longfellow War".[116] His assessment was that Longfellow was "a determined imitator and a dextrous adapter of the ideas of other people",[115] specifically Alfred, Lord Tennyson.[117] His accusations may have been a publicity stunt to boost readership of the Broadway Journal, for which he was the editor at the time.[118] Longfellow did not respond publicly, but, after Poe's death, he wrote: "The harshness of his criticisms I have never attributed to anything but the irritation of a sensitive nature chafed by some indefinite sense of wrong".[119]"

One of Lowell's journals also appeared in the "The Tell-Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe.