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Geronimo was a Bedonkohe Apache leader of the Apache born in June 1829 in No-Doyohn Canyon, and died on February 17, 1909 in Fort Silla, Oklahoma, who led his tribes defense against the United States military. As he grew up he was called Goyakla, "He Who Yawns." His life was a symbol of the struggle for a Native American way of life in conflict with the expansion of American frontiersmen.

Early Life:
Geronimo was raised According to Apache traditions, which for generations had resisted white colonization of the Southwest by both Spaniards and North Americans. After he was admitted to the warriors' council in 1846 he participated in raids into Sorona and Chichuahua in Mexico. He married a woman from the Chiricahua band of Apache when he was 17 and they had four children together.

Adult Life:
On March 6, 1858, a company of 400 Mexican soldiers from Sonora led by Colonel José María Carrasco attacked Geronimo's camp, among those killed were his mother, wife, and children. He rose as a war leader among the Apaches during the next 15 years. In 1874 4,000 Apaches were forcibly moved by U.S. authorities to a reservation in Arizona and they turned to him among others for help and in 1881 Geronimo was a minor leader in the Apache outbreak. Lieutenant Colonel George F. Crook was given the assignment to retrieve Geronimo and his followers, he ultimately surrendered in January 1884, only to run away from the San Carlos reservation in May 1885, accompanied by 35 men, 8 boys, and 101 women. On March 27, 1886, Geronimo surrendered at Cañón de Los Embudos but after negotiations failed and they feared that they would be murdered once they crossed the border Geronimo fled again.The 39 runaways were pursued by a force of over 10,000 American troops, Mexican soldiers and bounty hunters but were never forced into combat.

Geronimo finally surrendered to Gen. Nelson A. Miles on the condition that he would be returned to Arizona after two years' imprisonment. The terms were ignored by President Cleveland and Geronimo was imprisoned in Florida and transferred to Ft. Sill in Oklahoma in 1894. He would go on to die at Ft. Sill as a prisoner of war in 1909.
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