Internal Migration
After the years of the civil war there was an internal migration from the declining agricultural areas to the new and quickly develpoing west, cities of the east and midwest. Many factors contributed to this movemnet among the few were transportation, land and urbanization.
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Most migrants were young, single men and women who were unskilled and illiterate. Both work and home enviornments were poor and dangerous. Many lived in tenemenats and were wage earners who depended on their wives and children to work as well.


Transportation also played a role in the movemnet. Many new forms of
transportation had become new and improved. The railroad, cablecars
and trolleys had made commuting to work less of a task. Along with these new designs came the paving of roads to further transportation.

external image pinkerton_escorts_hocking_valley_leslies.jpgUrbanization and industralization began to grow at the same time making bigger cities with a much larger population. Many workers worked for extremely low pay and would begin to create unions to get what they wanted from unfair employers. Another problem faced by workers were newly arriving immigrants taking their jobs for even less pay. This also began a movement of reforms and restrictions.