3 Documents with AP PARTS:

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Title: Skin Radiation
Author: International Commission of Radiological Protection
Place and Time: Hiroshima, August 8th, 1945
Prior Knowledge: During World War 2, the Pacific Campaign resulted in the loss of many lives. Truman debated whether to use nuclear weapons to end the conflict and save lives. Truman decided to drop two Atomic Bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Audience: The audience would be the American Public and others who want to witness the horrors of war.
Reason: To show what effect the nuclear weapons had on the survivors of the bombing.
The Main Idea: This photograph shows a woman's clothes being burned onto her skin by the blast released by the bomb. Her clothes pattern has been emblazoned on her skin as scars.
Significance: It shows the impact of nuclear weapons and how far we were willing to go to end the second world war.


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Title: Wainwright, Percival, and MacArthur
Author: United States Navy Photographer
Place and Time: Aboard USS Missouri, September 2, August 1945
Prior Knowledge: After the use of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Japense empire surrendered.
Audience: The Government archive as well as the media to show that Japan has surrendered.
Reason: To formally recognize Japan's surrender and defeat of the Japanese empire during World War II.
The Main Idea: This photography was taken by a photographer aboard the USS Missouri. It shows Generals Wainwright and Percival standing behind General MacArthur while he signs the document stating the Japanese's surrender.
Significance: This ends the war in the Pacific and the threat of the Japanese Empire.

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Title: Raising the flag on Iwo Jima
Author:Joe Rosenthal
Place and Time: February 23, 1945, on Iwo Jima
Prior Knowledge: In the United States' Pacific Theatre of war, they conducted an intense island hopping campaign on the way to Japan. On of the last islands the U.S fought for was Iwo Jima. After months of fighting it was finally capture and this iconic photograph was taken.
Audience: The American public
Reason: The depict the U.S victory at Iwo Jima and to boost morale at home. It also showed the end of the Pacific Campaign's end was drawing near.
The Main Idea: This photograph shows 5 marines raising a flag on the island of Iwo Jima. John Bradley, Rene Gagnon, and Ira Hayes were the survivors. Franklin Sousley, Harlon Block, and Michael Strank were in the photo, but did not make it through the war.
Significance: Won a Pulitizer Prize. It became an iconic photograph used throughout history. Boosted morale back at home.


Vocabulary!

Aircraft Carrier - Important type of ship used in the Navy. They were used to send Aircraft into battle.

General Douglas MacArthur - Commanded most of the naval forces in the Pacific at the time.

Iwo Jima - Second to last island in the island hopping campaign. Famous for the iconic photograph of the flag being raised. Known for the battle of Mount Suribachi.

Okinawa - Last battle and island captured by the United States. Was in bombing distance of mainland Japan.

Guadalcanal - First major offensive by the United States. Held the important Henderson Airfield. The attack was consisted mainly of marines from the 1st Marine Division.

Island Hopping- Technique used in Pacific Theatre. U.S Navy captured Japanese islands one by one until they were in bombing distance of Japan.

Attack on Pearl Harbor - December 7th, 1941. Japanese airplanes attacked the U.S naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Caused the United States' entry into WWII.

Midway - Important air battle won by the U.S. Signaled the end of Japan's capability to go on the offensive and turned the tide in the Pacific.

Harry S. Truman - President of the United States that ordered the usage of the Atomic Bombs.

Hiroshima - First atomic bomb drop site. 70,000–80,000 people were killed.

Nagasaki - Second atomic bomb drop site. August 9th, 1945. 40,000 people were killed.

Atomic Bomb - Nuclear weapon developed by the Manhattan Project. Used at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Enola Gay - Plane that dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima.