​President Franklin Pierce
  • Elected President in 1852- divisions among the Whigs helped produce a victory for the Democrats
  • To maintain party and national harmony he attempted to avoid the issue of slavery
  • Supported Democratic movement known as "Young America" to divert attention over slavery controversies

Land Purchase
  • Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis, sent James Gadsden to purchase land from Mexico in order to build a transcontinental railroad
  • Supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act where Kansas would most likely become a slave state and Nebraska would become a slave state
  • Associated with the "Bleeding Kansas" affair
external image gadsdenmap.gif


  • Made unsuccessful attempts to buy Cuba from Spain
  • Received a private document from Ostend, Belgium that suggested to take Cuba by force (Ostend Manifesto)
    external image cuba_rel94.jpg