Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

  • external image stonewall-jackson1.jpgThomas "Stonewall" Jackson was born on January 21, 1824 in Clarksburg, Virginia.
  • He graduated near the top of his class from West Point in 1846.
  • He provided military service in Mexico and then later the United States.
  • Then in 1851 he became a professor of military tactics and philosophy in the Virginia Military Institute.
  • On April 21, 1861 he was sent to Richmond as part of the cadet corps.
  • He earned his nickname "Stonewall" in the first Battle of Bull Run.
  • He was then wounded by friendly fire on May 2, 1863.
  • Jackson then died of pneumonia eight days later on May 10, 1863.
  • His body was carried to Richmond and then buried in Lexington.
  • His leadership was so strong that the Army of Northern Virginia never recovered from his death.

First Battle of Bull Run

  • On July 21, 1861 the Confederate forces were struggling against the strong Union forces until Jackson and his brigade came and helped out.
  • Jackson stood like a stone wall during battle and that is how he got his nickname.
  • The Stonewall Brigade stopped the Union assault.
  • After the battle, Stonewall Jackson was promoted to major general.external image gen-stonewall-jackson-1a.jpg

Valley Campaign

  • The Valley Campaign was from May 4 - June 9, 1862.
  • McClellan created a plan that would capture Richmond, which was the Confederate capital.
  • McClellan's army would go after Richmond, while McDowell's army would stay back and protect Washington.
  • Lincoln was going to send McClellan more men, but then Jackson and his army marched through the Shenandoah Valley towards Washington.
  • This made Lincoln dispatch McDowell's army to fight off Jackson's army.
  • Jackson and his army defeated two separate Union forces and got away before being captured.

Battle of Antietam

  • The Battle of Antietam was the most bloodiest battle of the war.
  • Over 6,000 soldiers died and 17,000 got injuries.
  • As the Union forces were defeating the Confederate forces, and the Confederates were ready to fall, Jackson and his army came as reinforcements.
  • This caused McClellan to allow Lee and his forces to retreat into Virginia.external image confederate-flag.jpg
  • Jackson's arriving at the battle was very important because it made McClellan let Lee and his troops to retreat.
  • When McClellan allowed this to happen, Lincoln became frustrated and removed him from command.

Battle of Chancellorsville

  • The Battle of Chancellorsville is known to have one of the best strategies of the war.
  • Lee and his army were going to attack the Union forces from the front, while he sent Jackson and his army to attack from the right.
  • Jackson and his army saw that the Union forces were unaware of their plan and attacked them while they were not ready.
  • With Lee's army also charging from the front, they defeated the Union forces, but did not destroy them.
  • The Union general, Joseph Hooker, was barely able to escape with his army.
  • At the end of the day, when it was dark, Jackson and his army returned to their camp.
  • On the way to their camp, they were mistaken as Union forces, and they were fired at.

external image Stonewall_Jackson_Bendann.jpg

  • Jackson got shot 3 times in his arms.
  • The gun shot wounds and his symptoms of pneumonia are known to be the reasons for his death.

Sources